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Queue experience Prototype 4

 Top of queue – turning on the Kettle

Purpose of turning on kettle


The purpose of providing an experience where the kettle is turned back on, the user is able to receive in reality the response to what they have been waiting for.


Plan for turning on kettle


I plan to provide the experience of the kettle turning back on within the scenario in which the user has been added to the queue, shifted up to the top of the queue number and as a result the kettle switches on in context with the interface.


Experiment end of video turning on


Max set up:


Following the plan a video was designed that would communicate with node red, where the max would track the progress that occurred within the video and send a message at the last 10 seconds of the video.


Experiment with turning on kettle


Node red set up






Experience queue video Top of queue



Automating experience





Power of Many

Exhibition Prototypes


With the interactive video and Power of many energy queue system establishes, I am now looking into applying the system into an exhibition format for the purpose of expressing the experience through an exhibition space.


Research into exhibit




Analysis of Mad mapper Projection


Using a projector, projections can be used and triggered upon the users engaging with the kettle. The use of the Cube (from power of many cube) can be used as an object that the projection can be extended from as representing what is to come. A siphon is used as a form of communication between the max software and the projector and by extension the kettle and node red software.


Plan of projection box


I have planned to create a box in which the projector or laptop can be placed in for the purpose of displaying the interactive queue system. The use of the box for the projector is to create the illusion that what is place on top of the box such as a cube, appear to have a projection coming from it.


Experiment with exploded cube


In relation to the projection box I have experimented with exploded versions of the cube in which pieces can be placed on the background of the exhibit and projected onto, recreating an exploded diagram effect.


The projector uses the mad mapper software to fit the interactive videos onto the exploded sides of the cube using a siphon integrated into the max flow, the exhibit makes use of a complicated communication between node red, max, kettle and projector using mad mapper.


Prototype scenario


The scenario expresses a user moving towards the table with the kettle and cube, they attempt to boil the kettle


Reflection of exhibition






Queue system outcome: boiling kettle for coffee

Purpose of the Queue system

This queue system as mentioned is frustrating for the user that have grown to favour individualism in which the communication and cooperation with neighbours only serve as a hindrance to their personal lives. The narrative of the power of many reflects the action of restricting the neighbours so they may operate as a group. Through doing so they come into contact with their neighbours, forcing them to overcome the fears associated with stereotype, which often place distance with other.

Queue system experience video


Experience 1 – User boils kettle (00:14 – 00:24 )

Experience 2– kettle turns off and user is added to queue 00:29 – 00:35)

Experience 3– Queue shifts (00:35 – 01:24 )

Experience 4 – Kettle turns on (01: 25 – 01:37)

Narrative of experience


Reflection of the queue system experience


The narrative and experience associated with the “power of many”, through the energy queue system provides a curious interaction in which individualism turned over on its head and users who simply “want to boil kettle” must now take into consideration their neighbours. An action that many do not favour, however by taking notice the experience reveals a curious and frustrating experience in which your energy is no longer just your but a part of a larger group.


Application of knowledge towards exhibit


In order to provide an audience to experience the queue system effectively, a means of projecting the interface within a setting in which a kettle needs to be used would allow the user to see clearly the interface that the cube would come to contain.



Critical analysis of theories of stories

Methodology of stories and tales


As my research into the sustainability through rationing developed, recollections of innovative solutions took shape that while being shaped by the circumstances of sustainability; the methods were passed down through stories of my grandfather, mother and father. The stories acted as a engaging method for the lessons they learnt to be passed down and has inspired me to look into the story telling as a design method for passing on methods of sustainability.


– Humanizing design with narrative


Further research in stories as a design methodology lead me to a journal titled “ Humanizing the Design through Narrative Inquiry”, expressing how “practice disciplines” are embracing story telling as a powerful method for teaching “intangible, human issues” and in my opinion I believe it shares my interest in applying story telling to teach rationing sustainability to address a human issues.


– Homi Bhabha story reflects perspective of historical facts


In my research into story telling as a method of conveying the forms of sustainability developed through the people, I was lead to look into Homi Bhabha’s story “what does the black man want?”. Bahbha uses stories as a method to express the different treatment and experiences of the Black people as expressed through the differentiation “white skin, Black skin”. The stories reflect what psyche of the treatment that came as a result of colonialism and speaks to the “disturbing qualities of black skin, white skin” as it reflects a perspective “rarely historicizes the colonial experience”


Often in the telling of history there is no narrative that expresses how “realist perspectives” that reflect the “social and historical facts” from which problems emerge in “individuals” (or collective) “psyches”.


The way Bahba’s stories reflect the perspective of the people of different ethnic backgrounds based on historical events, gives a voice to how the people were affected. I believe this relates well with my project, as I look into historical events that developed a unique perspective of rationing for sustainability.


Bahba’s story lead me to look deeper into the psyche of Cape Town citizens to pass on the lessons of sustainability to others through story telling that come along side social things reflecting from that perspective of sustainability and allowing them to interact with the narrative.


– Dictionary of Narratology


Inspired by the effective means of communication story telling has in reflectivng the psyche of the people based on historicial events, I have delved deeper into the methodology by researching the terminology through the “dictionary of naratology” by Gerald Prince. Mr Prince writes of the terms and “wide currency of narratology”, which can be used to express different “theoretical and methodological preferences”.


As I looked through the various terminology I came across a term “actantial model” whcih relates to my goal to merge a story narrative with an object. Greimas states that the “narrative is a signifying whole because it can be grasped in such a structure”, relating to the narrative structure being part of the object.


The actantial model involves 6 actants, the subject (looking for the object), object (looked for by the subject), sender (of the subjects quest for the object), receiver (of the object to be secured by the subject), helper (of the subject) and the opponent (of the subject).


I find that this actantial model can be applied to express the perspective of rationg for sustainability told through the stories of the people of Cape town and engaged with through a social object.


The story being told of sustainability (subject), the object being sought or discovered (sustainable method social thing), the user being taught (receiver), as they are helped by the design (designer as helper) as they ration their lack of resources (opponent) in order to sustain themselves.


This story of a method of sustainability being sought by the user when their resources are low, they use the social object; they learn and experience another’s perspective gaining knowledge along the way to sustain themselves. .








Interview with Grandmother

Interview with Pat (Grandmother)

(click Audio of interview)

What would you do to heat water when there were power outages in South Africa?

“We would use gas to heat the water when the power outages happened”

(00:00.00 – 00:10.00)

Would you use this method to make your coffee?

“Yeah, we would use gas bottles to heat the water”

(00:11.96 – 00:18.13)


General conversations about sustainability


“People didn’t watch for calories they just eat what they grew, it was back when I lived on the farm where we grew the food from scratch that was before they put all this crap and chemicals in the food”

(00:20.00 – 00:33.03)

“Naturally grown fruit have more flavor” 

(00:33.05 – 00:36.95)

“The fruit hear receive more water from the rain than in South Africa”

(00:37.00 – 00:42.80)

“Rain water dilutes the taste of the fruit and so you need to keep the fruit sheltered from the water and control how much water they receive”

(00:43.20 – 00:52.67)




What is your perspective of the resource use and control in the uk?


(The UK has the illusion of having abundant resources)


“Well the people here don’t really seem to worry about the resources, you know I think it will always be their sort of thing, its just you got to watch your electrical and water bill when it comes and make sure you don’t use too much”


(1:00.00 – 1:20.00)


What do you think about sustainability being reached by means of efficiently using resources by means of rationing?


(Perspective of life SA where you are conscious of resources)


“At the moment we have water restrictions in South Africa, ah because we have had very little rain, so the damns have run dry so our water is running out so we are not allowed to water our gardens and only at certain times and we have got to be very careful of our water usage”


(1:21.00 – 1:55.09 )


Energy crises


Do you believe that the consciousness of resources and the cost of using these resources would enable citizens to more efficiently use their resources?


“Yes, in South Africa we live, knowing that our resources are limited and control the amount we have to prevent resources from running out. Doing so leads us to adapt to reduce the use of resources needed in our lives”


(1:59.30 – 2:25.57)


Saving the snake


What would you do if the resource necessary for completing a task in your lifestyle was not available?


“We would find alternative method to complete tasks either by using gas or by using generators run by petrol or diesel”


(2:45.00 – 3:05.72)


Would you use this knowledge to pass on methods of sustainability to your children to prepare them?


“Yes I would most definitely”


(3:07.91 – 3:20.46)




Potatoes farm 


Can you tell me a story of life in sustainability from your past and a method passed on to you?


(When I lived on the farm my father would teach me how to lead us to grow our own food)


“When I lived on the farm my father would teach me how to grow my own food for instance my father was a potatoes farmer so I learnt how to grow potatoes, we grew our own carrots, cabbages ah a bit tomatoes and all our own vegetables and we had fruit on trees so we had our own fruit. We had cows so we made our own milk and butter, my mother made her own bread, my dad had bee hives so we had our own honey”

(3:45.50 – 4:30.75)


Statement to sustainability based on my theory


Do you feel that these methods you applied to reach your goal of sustainability by cooperating with family, friends or neighbors allowed you to take an independent approach from the government and give yourself the power to sustain yourself?


“Yes, I would”


(4:34.40 – 5:00.20)



Rationing method applied to data resource

Tale of data rationing based on water rationing 

Circumstance (funny video needs to be watched)



  • Supportive YouTube statistics
  • Water rationing method
  • Social thing methodology


Tale: Ration the use of data by using a social thing (kettle) that water decreases as data is used and a task is required to obtain more water to use data for mobile data devices (smartphones).

Interactive design influence

Crank the web Influence


In the process of researching methods to creating a object that helps users more efficiently use their resource, I was advised about a interactive object called “Crank the Web”. Crank the Web is an interactive object that connects to the digital web, however to use the web function the machine must be cranked to allow data to buffer the webpage. I found this related to my earlier research in controlling loading speed can be determined by how much and fast you crank the machine.

The tale of data merged with water rationing


To give rationalism to my last statement, I looked into the costs related to interacting with YouTube and found that depending on the resolution 240p – 1080p the data cost will range from 240mb – 1400mb for an hour of use and now bare with me, a phone contract on average has 500mb – 1000mb monthly rations meaning that users would only have 5 hours at most monthly to use YouTube without access to Wi-Fi hotspots. These statistics may not seem like much but YouTube have stated that users are spending more time watching clips, spending on average 40 minutes per session. This is a considerable amount given that the amount of users on mobiles have increased by 100% recently and half of YouTube users interact through mobile devices. This means that half of users have at most 6 sessions of using YouTube without Wi-Fi hotspots and that’s not taking into account the variety of other online interactions such as Facebook.


To put this experience into a physical resource perspective, if you were walking through dessert and had a bottle of 600ml water and took 100ml at a time, you would have 6 sips of water to survive the drought.

Prototype Concept


I believe the most engaging experience will take the form of a social object that alters the users behaviour and values as they use the devices and online applications of their daily life through another’s lifestyle and perspective.


  • Limitation of activities – Limitations on activities will make them think what activity to do and how to manage it.


  • Lack of Data – The lack of data will add pressure and help the user think before they act


  • Need for more data –The user will begin to feel a need for more data and may be looking for an opportunity to receive it.


  • Obtaining more data – Faced with the opportunity t receive more data what would the user do and how would that effect their morals.


This may take the form of a social object where users may actively see their ration of data being used as they interact with social applications (YouTube) with the option to obtain more data





Tale of Cliff Tam sustainability

Rationing data as a resource for sustainability based on Cliff Tam experience 

The return visit to Cape Town took me by surprise as I had recalled my times of resource ration, I had been faced by the new need to conserve and ration my data. Due to the limited amount of data available to the public and the high cost of data, it was treated as a resource to be conserved

Link to Tam site


  • Low Broadband – limited data amount and increased cost for data
  • Cliff Tim shared rationing of data – due to high cost to use YouTube
  • Software LimitNet – displayed and limited data use


The shared data rationing experience


The return visit to Cape Town took me by surprise as I had recalled my times of resource ration, I had been faced by the new need to conserve and ration my data. Due to the limited amount of data available to the public and the high cost of data, it was treated as a resource to be conserved. When I returned this project lead me to delve deeper and I came across a man named Cliff Tam that shared this experience in Uganda. He confirmed my suspicions that this issue was due to the low bandwidth and lack of Wi-Fi providers, which fitted my research into low bandwidth being a result of few Cell towers, resulting in a lack of data that can be provided over a large area and increasing the cost of data. Mr Tam also experience d a sudden drop in data allowance when using online applications such as YouTube. Further research revealed that the data cost for simple online interactions such as watching videos online, were quite high and not viable under these limited use of data. Mr Tam’s response to this was to look into software called Netlimiter that allowed him to monitor how much data he was using, in order to most efficiently use the data resource.


Product influenced by rating and frugal design – Netlimiter 



Tale of environmental sustainabilty

The Potatoes farm

Food rationing by means of a Potatoes Farm

The story of the potato farm started a few months ago when my mother came across the Facebook post that told the tale of how to grow her own food.


Facebook post

(access the collective knowledge of a growing community)


Potatoes planted


Method 1 

Planted in Flowerpot

(See image flowerpot)



Watering potatoes

(See image Tap water)


Method 2

Planted in the Outside field

(See image crop field)



Quality Check

Potatoes grown

(See image potatoes)


Benjamin Smidt:


“The potatoes lack nutrients from the growth process”

Grannies tale of growing plants (Click audio)





“People didn’t watch for calories they just eat what they grew, it was back when I lived on the farm where we grew the food from scratch that was before they put all this crap and chemicals in the food”


Farming tips


“Naturally grown fruit have more flavour”

“The fruit hear receive more water from the rain than in south africa”

“Rain water dilutes the taste of the fruit and so you need to keep the fruit sheltered from the water and control how much water they receive”


Local neighbours cooperation




“Naturally grown fruit can be used for a lot of home made recipes that gives flavour that you wont get from the food in shops like Tesco”

“I grow my own fruit and I use it to make my own sauce for my home made meals”



Improved method of food sustainability influenced by Tales from Cape Town


Benjamin Smidt examined the potatoes and found that it lacked nutrients and in his professional opinion is that to avoid this issues nutrients needs to be given throughout the growth process.


We later heard from the stories of my Grandmother that food given nutrients fills the fruit with too much unhealthy chemicals that dilute the taste.


She confirmed from her past experience with life on the farms that the amount of water was a key part of the growth of fruit.


She spoke of “water dilutes the taste” just as Bennie had said in the quality check, however rather than adding nutrients “you need to keep the potatoes sheltered from the rain” so that that the water process can be controlled to prevent the flavour from diluting.


While my grandmother had experience in growing in Cape Town, the climate was different in the UK and I was reminded of the cooperative liberal approach that UK citizens took in the past World War 2 as neighbours cooperated in what would be called “dig for victory. Recalling that my neighbour is an expert in farming I sought to


Tim confirmed the more natural method of farming without chemicals provided “naturally grown fruit have more flavour” and that a plastic cover needs to be used to keep out the moisture. Tim commented that he himself uses this method to make his own sauces for homemade meals rather than purchase from Tesco.


Demonstrating a self-reliant method of sustaining the users need for food by growing and rationing self-grown crops that have a positive effect on the environment.


Application of knowledge to sustain environment


Stories from grandmothers past influenced with mothers experience from posts on face book accessed using data later leads to cooperation of neighbor that further leads to an improved collective knowledge of food rationing in uk that meets the needs for food with the positive growth of vegetation that sustains the environment


Tale of sustainability

Follow the sustainable journey about rationing, where through stories past online a woman learns of a method to grow potatoes by simple taking one of the left over potatoes bought from a shop and placing it in fertile soil


Lacking knowledge of farming she learns from the tale that flowerpots can be used and moves forward to try the method.


A few days later she finds that the pot has roots growing and that more potatoes have grown from the single potatoes she first planted


Curious to what effect home grown food can have over meals she gets the advice of the neighbor who shares his knowledge on planting as he has his own crop regularly tended to. The neighbor shares his stories of how to make a small crop in the yard and the meals and home grown sauces that can be made without the high costs seen in shops with more authentic taste


And so a story that began with a story l ad to a method that through cooperation with neighbors allowed for a more engaging and easy method of producing their own food, similar to the liberal approach to rationing taken during the war where net bouts helped each other to grow food in their gardens






Tale of food sustainability

The tale passed on from my Grandfather

The Circumstances of sustainability

  • Apartheid – trade sanctions
  • Trade cuts and Boycotting
  • Disinvestment from South Africa
  • Lack of food from imports
  • Society ration food

Tale: Easy effective method to for public to grow natural food.

Tale of Food sustainability

During these times my Oupa Kopie (grandfather) devised a creative method of growing plants and fruit that would allow the society to grow what they needed with little farming knowledge. The method was simple and involved a biodegradable container that held fertile soil and seeds (saplings), with holes for water and roots. The container would be placed in the soil, given the instructed amount of water and the holes would prevent too much water from being given. Over time the plant would grow and the lid would open to show the plant while the roots would dig through the holes at the bottom. This would continue until the plant was grown and the container degraded, leaving a grown plant capable of producing a variety of fruit. While this type of farming may be found in shops today, back then it was a product that was not available and it was born out of the need to sustain oneself with personally grown fruit.

Object of narrative using frugal innovation